330 A.2d 300

American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, AFL-CIO, Appellant, v. Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board, Appellee.

Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania.Argued December 2, 1974
January 2, 1975.

Labor — Public Employe Relations Act, Act 1970, July 23, P.L. 563 — Collective bargaining — Words and phrases — Management level employes — Implementation of policy decisions — Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board — Scope of appellate review — Findings of fact — Sufficient evidence — Reasonable conclusions.

1. The Public Employe Relations Act, Act 1970, July 23, P.L. 563, does not require a public employer to bargain collectively with management level employes, which are those employes above the first level of supervisors who are involved in policy determinations or who direct the implementation thereof. [84-5]

2. It is not improper for the Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board to determine that foremen are management level employes under the Public Employe Relations Act, Act 1970, July 23, P.L. 563, when such foremen implement policies established by district superintendents and supervise employes, who are denominated first level supervisors and are charged with the duty of supervising others. [85-6]

3. The Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania, in reviewing decisions of the Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board, must rely on the expertise and experience of the Board in matters of labor relations and will determine only whether the findings of fact of

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the Board are supported by competent evidence and whether the conclusions based thereon are reasonable. [86]

Argued December 2, 1974, before President Judge BOWMAN and Judges CRUMLISH, JR., KRAMER, WILKINSON, JR., ROGERS and BLATT. Judge MENCER did not participate.

Appeal, No. 498 C.D. 1973, from the Order of the Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board in case of In the Matter of: The Employes of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, No. PERA-U-1990-C.

Petition by employer with Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board to remove certain employes from certified bargaining unit. Petition granted. Union appealed to the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania. Held: Affirmed.

Richard Kirschner, with him Neal Goldstein and Markowitz Kirschner, for appellant.

James L. Crawford, Assistant Attorney General, with him James F. Wildeman, Assistant Attorney General, for appellee.

Thomas H. Lane, with him Morgan, Lewis Bockius, for intervening appellee, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.


The Public Employe Relations Act, Act of July 23, 1970, P.L. 563, as amended, 43 P. S. § 1101.101 et seq., recognizes a number of classes of employes based upon the duties and responsibilities of the work performed and imposes on public employers different obligations in dealing collectively with the several classes. For purposes of this case it is necessary to record only that public employers are exempted by the Act from any duty to bargain or meet and discuss with management level employes concerning wages, hours or other terms and conditions of employment;[1] that they are required to meet

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and discuss the mentioned subjects with first level supervisors or their representatives;[2] and that they must bargain collectively with the bulk of their employes, the so-called rank and file.[3]

Section 301(16) of the Act, 43 P. S. § 1101.301(16), defines a management level employe as “any individual who is involved directly in the determination of policy or who responsibly directs the implementation thereof and shall include all employes above the first level of supervision.” (Emphasis added.) Section 301(19), 43 P. S. § 1101.30(19) provides: ” ‘first level supervisor’ means the lowest level at which an employe functions as a supervisor.”

The question in this case is whether the 67 persons employed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania under the job title of Automotive Equipment Foreman are first level supervisors, as contended by the appellant American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, AFL-CIO, or managerial level employes, as contended by the Department of Transportation.

The job title, Automotive Equipment Foreman, was, prior to the decision of the Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board in this case, included in a unit of first level supervisors by certification of the Board. The instant proceedings were commenced by the employer’s petition seeking their removal from that unit and a determination that they are managerial level employes. After a hearing at which extensive testimony of both parties was received, the Board granted the prayer of the petition. The Union has appealed.

The unit of first level supervisors in which the Automotive Equipment Foremen were formerly placed included persons employed under the job title, Mechanic II, who, as do Automotive Equipment Foremen, work in the Department’s county garages. While the record, which we have carefully reviewed, reveals that Automobile

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Equipment Foremen do not perform some of the more responsible duties of the position set out in the Department’s job description, it clearly shows that they are required to and do in fact perform at least two functions which place them within the statutory definition of managerial employes. First, they responsibly direct the implementation of the policies of the district superintendent with respect to road construction and maintenance, and second, they supervise Mechanics II, who in turn “responsibly direct” lower-level mechanics and other employes in the county garages and who have been and continue to be certified by the Board as first level supervisors.[4]

We again advert to the narrow limits of our review prescribed by law. Our determination is confined to whether the facts found by the Board are supported by competent evidence and whether its conclusions, based on the facts, are reasonable Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board v. Kaufmann Stores, Inc., 345 Pa. 398, 29 A.2d 90 (1942); and we must recognize that the Board is considered to have expertise and experience which qualify it better than we to appreciate the complexities of the subject of labor relations. Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board v. Sand’s Restaurant Corporation, 429 Pa. 479, 240 A.2d 801
(1968); Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board v. Butz, 411 Pa. 360, 192 A.2d 707 (1963). The second of these principles, it seems to us, should apply with particular force in this case concerning a comparatively small number of persons holding obviously important positions heretofore inappropriately included in a unit also containing persons under their supervision.

Order affirmed.

[1] Section 301(2), 43 P. S. § 1101.301(2).
[2] Section 704, 43 P. S. § 1101.704.
[3] Section 401, 43 P. S. § 1101.401.
[4] The record also shows that Automotive Equipment Foremen are authorized to make purchases of parts and supplies within monetary limitations, which purchases, according to the testimony of one witness, cumulatively can reach substantial monthly dollar amounts.

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